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Coffee plants, also known as Coffea Arabica is a plant that can be grown very easily at homes. They do not require high maintenance and its green foliage brings about a tropical feeling at the house. If planted in the right conditions, the plant produces beautiful flowers after about five years and when pollinated, they produce red berries, each of which again produces two coffee beans.
But the common question is how to grow coffee plants at home? Coffee plants naturally thrive in warm and humid temperatures, with an ideal temperature above 65 degrees. Cold climate can even kill the plant and hence a warm place is required at home for planting the coffee plants. Although direct sunlight is harmful for the plants, bright or indirect light is necessary for them to thrive. The plants must also be protected from cold winds or frost as they may damage the yields.
But one of the most important criteria that should be kept in mind before growing the coffee plants at home is the nature of the soil. Ideally, they have a preference for fertile, well-structured soils which drain quickly. Dry or sandy soils are not at all recommended for this purpose. Soils with a slightly acidic nature is often recommended which have a pH level of 6.0 and they must respond well to fertilising. Also, they must be kept moist as in dry soil, the plants fail to flower.
The following are a few of the best soils which are ideal for growing coffee plants at home:
One of the best potting mixes out there, Miracle-Gro was made for a vast variety of plants. It boasts of an easy to water formula which helps the soil re-wet easily while feeding up to 6 months. One of its most attractive features are the presence of coconut coir and exclusion of bark or compost. It is even designed to be less prone to gnats. Miracle-Gro is best suited for growing plants in containers and has thus become one of the bestsellers.
Burpee’s concentrated organic seed starting mix makes for an extremely convenient option for gardening. It is 100% biodegradable and comes in compact packs of 1, 4 or 6. By just adding water, it expands to a size of 8 qt, helping in easy germination and growth of plants at home. It is made out of coconut coir, a renewable resource produced by recycling husks from harvested coconuts. It helps in root growth through its premium growing medium and provides an inexpensive method for growing coffee plants at home.
Espoma provides potting soil suitable for all plants, indoor as well as outdoor containers. It contains myco-tone water saving formula which helps in retention of water and reduces drought stress. It contains an adequate amount of essential nutrients and is free of toxic substances. It is a rich organic soil which is even free of gnats.
Burpee premium mix is enriched with plant food which is suitable for all kinds of plants. It contains slow-release plant food which feeds the plants up to 3 months. It is equipped with high water retaining capacity thus helping in holding water in the soil. It is free of gnats making it safe for people growing plants in the sanctuary of their homes.
Burpee Organic Starter and Transplanting food assures easy plant food for rapid results making home gardening easy and effortless. It helps in strong development of roots, foliage of plants leading to lush greens and healthy plants. It’s enriched in proper nutrients as well as healthy beneficial microbes like mycorrhizae suitable for all kinds of plants. It also ensures release of nutrients up to 3 months.
FoxFarm provides nutrition, lightly textured and well-aerated potting soil. Ideal for containers and indoor gardening, it comes with adjusted pH for best results. It is loaded with healthy microbes and fungi which help the plants to break down their organic matters and soak in proper nutrients through their roots. It is composed of earthworm castings, the bat guanco and composted forest humus. FoxFarm also helps in root development and intake of food. It is essentially perfect to be used right out of the bag and provides excellent drainage.
Jobe’s Fertilizer Spikes provide proper nutrition to plants and contain slow-release formula seeds which can feed the plants up to 8 weeks. They provide an easy, mess and hassle-free pre-measured fertilizer option for people growing plants at home. They are even available in waterproof resealable pouches or blister card packs ensuring that none of the nutritions get wasted unlike surface apply fertilizers.
Coffee plants are ideal for growing indoors as they love shady places and areas where much light does not enter. But how to grow coffee plants at home? One needs to search the right place in the house so that they do not face bright sunlight, the right temperature for the plants to grow and the perfect soil conditions to aid the growth. Fertile soils with a quick drainage system and slightly acidic nature are considered ideal for the coffee plants to grow.
If all these necessary conditions are met, the plants will start to blossom in due time if taken good care of. One needs to remain patient as the plants may require up to six years for proper flowering but it is certainly worth the wait having coffee beans from your very own coffee plant. Thus you can enjoy a good cup of coffee from your plant in the morning to set the tone for the day.